Lewis and Clark
Journal Summary 4: Dates October 1, 1804 - January 14, 1805
is a summary of the journal entries made by Lewis and Clark.
Dates: October 1, 1804 - January 14, 1805
is Built and Sacagawea Arrives With Her Husband, Who is
Hired as an Interpreter
October 1, 1804
During the next month Lewis and Clark met with several other
Indians, many of whom were friendly and enjoyed their company.
They even had an Arikara Indian Chief travelling with them.
The Indians were especially interested in Clark’s slave
York, as they had never seen a black person before. However,
as the journey continued, Lewis and Clark were constantly
prepared for any possible Indian attacks. Sentries were
posted very night and every time they left the boat.
One member of the expedition, John Newman, was confined
for making ‘mutinous expression’. A court martial was formed
and Newman was sentenced to 75 lashes and discharged. Lewis
and Clark came across several traders on route. Many were
Frenchmen however they also came across an Englishman. One
of the Frenchmen, Jean Baptiste Lepage, became a permanent
member of the expedition as a replacement for Newman.
Lewis and Clark found the place that they decided would
be their winter camp. As it was near to the Mandan Indians,
they named it Fort Mandan. They began felling trees and
laying out the camp.
A French Canadian named, Toussaint Charbonnau, approached
the camp with his two ‘Snake Indian’ (Shoshone) wives. Lewis
and Clark hired him with one of his wives, Sacagawea, to
interpret the Shoshone language. Sacagawea had been kidnapped
by the Hidatsa Indians as a child and sold to the Mandans
as a Slave. The rest of November and December was spent
building the camp, repairing equipment, hunting and trading
with the Indians. The blacksmiths were particularly busy
making and mending battle axes for the Indians in return
for corn, beans and dried meat.