of Lewis and Clark: Dates January 21, 1805 - January 31,
excerpts are taken from entries of the Journals of Lewis
and Clark. Dates: January 21, 1805 - January 31, 1805
Monday 21. The weather was fine and moderate. The hunters
all returned, having killed during their absence three elk,
four deer, two porcupines, a fox and a hare.
January 22, 1805
Tuesday 22. The cold having moderated and the day
pleasant, we attempted to cut the boats out of the ice,
but at the distance of eight inches came to water, under
which the ice became three feet thick, so that we were obliged
January 23, 1805
Wednesday 23. The cold weather returned, the mercury
having sunk 2° below 0, and the snow fell four inches deep.
January 24, 1805
Thursday 24. The day was colder than any we have
had lately, the thermometer being at 12° below 0. The hunters
whom we sent out returned unsuccessful, and the rest were
occupied in cutting wood to make charcoal.
January 25, 1805
Friday 25. The thermometer was at 25° below 0, the
Wind from N.W. and the day fair, so that the men were employed
in preparing coal, and cutting the boats out of the ice.
A band of Assiniboines headed by their chief, called by
the French, Son of the Little Calf, have arrived at the
January 26, 1805
Saturday 26. A fine warm day: a number of Indians
dine with us: and one of our men is attacked with a violent
January 27, 1805
Sunday 27. Another warm and pleasant day: we again
attempted to get the boat out of the ice. The man who has
the pleurisy was blooded and sweated, and we were forced
to take off the toes of the young Indian who was frostbitten
some time since. Our interpreter returned from the villages,
bringing with him three of Mr. Laroche's horses which he
had sent in order to keep them out of the way of the Assiniboines,
who are very much disposed to steal, and who have just returned
to their camp.
January 28, 1805
Monday 28. The weather to-day is clear and cold:
we are obliged to abandon the plan of cutting the boat through
the ice, and therefore made another attempt the next day,
January 29, 1805
Tuesday 29, by heating a quantity of stones so as
to warm the water in the boat, and thaw the surrounding
ice: but in this too we were disappointed, as all the stones
on being put into the fire cracked into pieces: the weather
warm and pleasant: the man with the pleurisy is recovering.
January 30, 1805
Wednesday 30. The morning was fair, but afterwards
became cloudy. Mr. Laroche the trader from the northwest
company paid us a visit, in hopes of being able to accompany
us on our journey westward, but this proposal we thought
it best to decline.
January 31, 1805
Thursday 31. It snowed last night, and the morning
is cold and disagreeable, with a high wind from the northwest:
we sent five hunters down the river. Another man is taken
with the pleurisy.