Journals of Lewis and Clark: Dates January 1805 - Part Two
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Journals of Lewis and Clark
Dates: January 7, 1805 - January 11, 1805


This article provides interesting facts about their historic journey taken from the Journals of Lewis and Clark dates January 7, 1805 - January 11, 1805.

Lewis and cClark Expedition: Jounal Dates January 7, 1805 - January 11, 1805

The Journals of Lewis and Clark: Dates January 1805

The Journals of Lewis and Clark: Dates January 7, 1805 - January 11, 1805
The following excerpts are taken from entries of the Journals of Lewis and Clark. Dates: January 7, 1805 - January 11, 1805

January 7, 1805
Monday 7. The weather was again clear and cold with a high northwest wind, and the thermometer at sunrise 22 below 0; the river fell an inch. Shahaka the Big White chief dined with us, and gave a connected sketch of the country as far as the mountains.

January 8, 1805
Tuesday 8. The wind was still from the northwest, the day cold, and we received few Indians at the fort. Besides the buffalo dance we have just described, there is another called medicine dance, an entertainment given by any person desirous of doing honor to his medicine or genius. He announces, that on such a day he will sacrifice his horses, or other property, and invites the young females of the village to assist in rendering homage to his medicine; all the inhabitants may join in the solemnity, which is performed in the open plain and by daylight, but the dance is reserved for the virgins or at least the unmarried females, who disdain the incumbrance or the ornament of dress. The feast is opened by devoting the goods of the master of the feast to his medicine, which is represented by a head of the animal itself, or by a medicine bag if the deity be an invisible being. The young women then begin the dance, in the intervals of which each will prostrate herself before the assembly to challenge or reward the boldness of the youth, who are often tempted by feeling or the hopes of distinction to achieve the adventure.

January 9, 1805
Wednesday 9. The weather is cold, the thermometer at sunrise 21 below 0. Kagohami breakfasted with us, and captain Clarke with three or four men accompanied him and a party of Indians to hunt, in which they were so fortunate as to kill a number of buffalo: but they were incommoded by snow, by high and squally winds, and by extreme cold; several of the Indians came to the fort nearly frozen, others are missing, and we are uneasy, for one of our men who was separated from the rest during the chase has not returned: In the morning,

January 10, 1805
Thursday 10, however, he came back just as we were sending out five men in search of him. The night had been excessively cold, and this morning at sunrise the mercury stood at 40 below 0, or 72 below the freezing point. He had however, made a fire and kept himself tolerably warm. A young Indian, about thirteen years of age, also came in soon after. His father who came last night to inquire after him very anxiously, had sent him in the afternoon to the fort: he was overtaken by the night, and was obliged to sleep on the snow with no covering except a pair of antelope skin moccasins and leggings and a buffalo robe: his feet being frozen we put them into cold water, and gave him every attention in our power. About the same time an Indian who had also been missing returned to the fort, and although his dress was very thin, and he had slept on the snow without a fire, he had not suffered the slightest inconvenience. We have indeed observed that these Indians support the rigors of the season in a way which we had hitherto thought impossible. A more pleasing reflection occurred at seeing the warm interest which the situation of these two persons had excited in the village, the boy had been a prisoner and adopted from charity, yet the distress of the father proved that he felt for him the tenderest affection, the man was a person of no distinction, yet the whole village was full of anxiety for his safety and when they came to us, borrowed a sleigh to bring them home with ease, if they survived, or to carry their bodies if they had perished.

January 11, 1805
Friday 11. We dispatched three hunters to join the same number whom we had sent below about seven miles to hunt elk. Like that of yesterday the weather to-day was cold and clear, the thermometer standing at 38 below 0. Poscopsahe and Shotahawrora visited us, and past the night at the fort.

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Journals of Lewis and Clark - Dates: January 7, 1805 - January 11, 1805

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